Modeling Entry Task, Reading Notes, and Reading Strategies for Lyddie | EL Education Curriculum

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ELA 2012 G7:M2A:U1:L3

Modeling Entry Task, Reading Notes, and Reading Strategies for Lyddie

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Long Term Learning Targets

  • I can analyze the interaction of literary elements of a story or drama. (RL.7.3)
  • I can use a variety of strategies to determine the meaning of unknown words or phrases. (L.7.4)
  • I can effectively engage in discussions with diverse partners about seventh-grade topics, texts, and issues. (SL.7.1)

Supporting Targets

  • I can analyze how plot, character, and setting interact in Lyddie.
  • I can use context clues--both in the sentence and on the page--to determine the meaning of unknown words.
  • By engaging in a discussion with my partner, I can analyze one section of Lyddie to deepen my understanding of the plot, characters, and setting.

Ongoing Assessment

  • Checking for Understanding entry task

Agenda

AgendaTeaching Notes

1.     Opening

A.  Entry Task: Checking for Understanding (15 minutes)

2.    Work Time

A.  Setting Up Discussion Appointments (5 minutes)

B.  Guided Practice: Noticing When to Reread (20 minutes)

3.    Closing and Assessment

A.  Previewing Homework (5 minutes)

4.     Homework

  • In the early lessons in this unit, students are introduced to several new routines to support them in their reading of Lyddie. Therefore, there is more modeling than usual of how to do specific routines. Students watch you model how to use the Reader's Notes to complete the daily Checking for Understanding entry task, as well as strategies students might use to make meaning of this text when reading for homework.
  • The lesson provides significant scripting as a resource for teachers. However, consider what type of modeling will best support your students and adapt the modeling to meet their needs.
  • This lesson introduces the Checking for Understanding entry task. In this routine, students answer several questions about the previous night's homework using only their Reader's Notes (not the book). Decide how you want to collect these and use the information, and communicate that clearly to students in this lesson. Especially during the first part of the unit, consider the entry task as useful formative data to guide your instruction (rather than as an assessment to be counted for a grade). Also encourage students to use the entry task as self-checks: if they can answer the questions correctly, they are understanding the reading they are doing for homework; if they cannot, they should consider how they might change their homework practices (for example, by doing more rereading).
  • Consider how you might present this routine to students to ensure that they understand it as a tool that you and they will use to help them become better readers, rather than as a way to "catch" students who aren't reading at home. Emphasize that reading, rereading, and taking good notes are important strategies for making meaning. Consider how your grading structures might be used to recognize effort and thoroughness on the Reader's Notes and success with the Checking for Understanding entry task.
  • This lesson, as well as Lessons 4 and 5, focuses on helping students understand Lyddie, the main character. The closing for this lesson gives students an opportunity to synthesize what they have learned about her so far.
  • Note that the student version of Reader's Notes for Chapter 5 is intentionally partially completed. This chapter is not crucial and some teachers may opt to skip it; hence, the plot is filled out for students on their Reader's Notes.
  • In advance: Lyddie is a difficult text. Consider what type of pep talk or planning in class will help your students be successful with completing more rigorous reading assignments for homework. Time is built into the lesson to discuss this with students. The script prompts you to emphasize the use of practices such as rereading and to focus on helping students engage with the main character. Consider what your students need to hear from you or discuss.
  • Review, Lyddie Readers Notes, Chapters 1- 3, Teacher's Edition. Note that the teacher's edition for Chapters 1 and 2 were provided at the end of Lesson 2, when they were distributed to students. This will be the case throughout the unit; see the Unit 2 overview for details.
  • Review: Discussion Appointment routine (from Module 1, Unit 2, Lesson 1; included again here as a supporting material for teacher reference).

Vocabulary

dubious (10), noxious (13), transaction (14), loom (14), fallow (16), gaping (17), tavern (18), haughty (19), homespun (20)

Materials

  • Checking for Understanding, Chapters 1 and 2 entry task (one per student)
  • Checking for Understanding, Chapters 1 and 2 entry task, Teacher's Guide (for Teacher Reference)
  • Document camera
  • Instructions for Discussion Appointments (also used in Module 1; included again here for teacher reference)
  • Weaving Room Discussion Appointments (one per student)
  • Lyddie (book; one per student)
  • Chapter 3 of Lyddie Suggested Read-aloud Teacher Script (for Teacher Reference)
  • Sticky notes (1 per student)
  • Lyddie Reader's Notes, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, and Chapter 5 (three separate supporting materials; one each per student)
  • Lyddie Reader's Notes, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, and Chapter 5, Teacher's Edition (three separate supporting materials; for Teacher Reference)

Opening

OpeningMeeting Students' Needs

A. Entry Task: Checking for Understanding (15 minutes)

  • Distribute and display Checking for Understanding, Chapters 1 and 2 entry task to students as they enter. Tell them that usually they would complete this individually, but today you will guide them through the process.
  • Remind students that they can use their Lyddie Reader's Notes, Chapter 1 and Chapter 2, but not the book itself, to answer these questions. Remind them that the purpose of this is not to "quiz" them but to show how they are doing with taking notes and with understanding character, plot, and setting in Lyddie. You might say something like: "The skills of reading, rereading, and taking notes are so important that you are going to work with your notes almost every day so that you can see how they help you and so that you get into the habit of reading carefully and taking good, thorough notes."
  • Display a copy of the Lyddie Reader's Notes, Chapters 1 and 2, Teacher's Edition on a document camera. (Note, these were provided in Lesson 2 supporting materials along with the student version of those chapters, as will be the case throughout this unit. See Unit overview for details). Give students a few moments to compare their notes to yours. Prompt all students to raise their hands to represent how they feel about their ability to fill out their Reader's Notes, using the Fist to Five protocol.
  • Describe to the class any patterns that you notice in this early self-assessment. You might say something like: "I see that a number of students are holding up 4s or 5s. Great! Many of you are confident in your ability to complete these Reader's Notes since you had lots of practice with them in Module 1. I wonder if those of you who have held up 2s or 3s didn't understand the reading or didn't write enough notes."
  • Cold call a few students to point out some similarities and differences between your notes and theirs. Praise them for working hard to understand the text.
  • Display a copy of the Checking for Understanding, Chapters 1 and 2 entry task. Direct students to complete the entry task individually as you model out loud. (See the Checking for Understanding, Chapters 1 and 2 entry task, Teacher's Guide for a suggested way to model this task.) As you model out loud, also write your answers down to provide a record of what exemplary work looks like.
  • When students are done with the entry task, notice and appreciate their success with completing the reading and note-taking assignment for homework. Assure them that it will get easier as they get used to the process and become stronger readers. Emphasize the importance of rereading. If appropriate, ask several students to share what they did to ensure that they were successful with the homework assignment.
  • Finally, remind students that they will use a similar routine with the Reader's Dictionary as they did with A Long Walk to Water: You will post a list of correct definitions, and they should review their work and see how many definitions they got right or almost right. You can display the Teacher's Edition of the Reader's Notes for Chapters 1 and 2 or write the definitions on the board or flip chart.
  • Ask students to revise their Reader's Dictionary as necessary to make sure all words are defined correctly. Their definitions do not need to be in the same words as yours. Give them an example: The posted definition of transaction is deal. If they have business or business deal or exchange, they don't need to change it. However, if they have conversation, they should revise it to be more accurate.
  • Remind students that the process of determining the meaning of a word from context and then checking their answer not only helps them learn that word but makes them stronger readers in general. Good readers are good because they reread to figure out words and phrases they didn't understand at first. Even if they have to correct some of their answers, the rereading and thinking students did while they were filling out the Reader's Dictionary at home is building the "figuring out new words in context" muscle that is so important to strong readers.
  • Developing self-assessment and reflection supports all learners, but research shows it supports struggling learners most.
  • For definitions of words in Lyddie, refer to the Teacher's Edition of the Reader's Notes. Also consider the Longman online dictionary at www.ldoceonline.com, which provides student-friendly definitions.

 

Work Time

Work Time

A. Setting Up Discussion Appointments (5 minutes)

  • Ask students to raise their hands if they remember the Discussion Appointment protocol from Module 1. Depending on need, review the process of signing up for appointments.(See Instructions for Discussion Appointments in supporting materials).
  • Tell students that they need to circulate and make appointments with five people, one for each line on the paper. When two students make an appointment, they each write their name on the other person's paper. For example, if I am making a Warp Threads appointment with Lucy, I write my name on the Warp Threads line of her paper, and she writes her name on the Warp Threads line of my paper. Students cannot make multiple appointments with the same person.
  • Distribute the Weaving Room Discussion Appointments handout and give students several minutes to sign up for Discussion Appointments.
  • After students have signed up, call them together and explain that they will frequently do close reading work with a partner. Readers often understand a text better when they discuss it with someone else, and they will have this opportunity with Lyddie on many occasions. Remind them of the norms for moving to be with their partner and direct them to take their Reader's Notes and Lyddie and move to sit with their Loom Discussion Appointment.

B. Guided Practice: Noticing When to Reread (20 minutes)

  • Tell students that in this part of the lesson, they will discuss and practice some strategies that they might use when they are reading at home. Together, the class will start the homework assignment for tonight.
  • Direct students to open Lyddie to the beginning of Chapter 3. Ask them to read the first three pages of the chapter silently to themselves, as if they were reading for homework.
  • When most students are done, ask them to think about what strategies they used as they were reading. Ask them to raise their hands if they:

*   Reread any passages or sentences

*   Tried to figure out what a new word meant

*   Made a picture or a movie in their minds as they read

*   Asked themselves a question

*   Imagined how Lyddie might be feeling

  • Next, tell them that since they are starting a new book that is much harder than A Long Walk to Water, you are going to model for them a few things they can do to understand this difficult text. (Use or modify the Chapter 3 of Lyddie Suggested Read-aloud Teacher Script provided.)
  • After you have finished reading and thinking aloud, ask students to turn and talk with a partner:

*   "What is one thing you noticed me doing that might be helpful when you read Lyddie for homework?"

  • Call on several students to share out. Listen for them to mention the strategies you surveyed them about a few minutes ago.
  • Next, ask students to turn and talk with a partner:

*   "What has happened so far in this chapter?"

*   "What did these strategies help us understand about the text?"

  • Call on several students to share out. Listen for them to name setting (Lyddie arrives at the tavern, which is like a large house), characters (she meets the owner of the tavern), and plot (Lyddie is reluctant to go in because she worries that she will lose her freedom; she is almost run over by a stagecoach; the mistress of the tavern looks down on her because she is dirty and has old clothes).
  • Finally, give students a few minutes to read again on their own (ideally through page 24). Urge them to use some of the strategies that they saw you model as they read. Give each student one sticky note and tell them to put it on a place where they reread (maybe a sentence or maybe an entire paragraph).
  • When students are finished reading, call on several to share out what part of the text they reread, and why. Encourage rereading and remind them that this is something strong readers do a lot.
  • As time permits, give students a few minutes to work with their partners to begin to fill out their Lyddie Reader's Notes, Chapter 3. Encourage them to ask their partners any questions they have about the text. Circulate to informally assess how well the students understand the text and the Reader's Notes task.
  • Praise the students for working hard to understand this challenging text. Remind them to finish reading and completing their Reader's Notes for Chapter 3.
  • Point out that at the end of the chapter, Lyddie talks with the woman in the fancy dress from the beginning of the chapter. This woman puts a very important thought into Lyddie's head, and the students should read this part of the text carefully.

Closing & Assessments

ClosingMeeting Students' Needs

A. Previewing Homework (5 minutes)

  • Remind students that one thing readers do is to think about the main character in a book and try to understand her. They did this a lot when studying A Long Walk to Water (which actually had two main characters). They have seen Lyddie interact with several other characters, settings, and events.
  • Ask students to turn and talk with their partner:

*   "What have you learned about Lyddie?"

*   "What seems to be important to her?"

  • Cold call several students to share their answers, providing positive feedback for textual support. When possible, try to create some suspense around what will happen to Lyddie. (For example, "I wonder how Lyddie's independence will serve her when she's in the factory.")
  • Preview the homework. Take a moment to encourage students to complete the reading assignment at home and remind them to use some of the strategies discussed in this lesson to help them independently make meaning of a challenging text.
  • Encourage students to use what they learned from the Checking for Understanding entry task today to guide how they read and take notes this evening. Remind them that they will be completing the entry task on their own in the next lesson.
  • If some students are using the accommodations outlined in the unit overview, this is a good time to check in with them about how well those accommodations are supporting them in making meaning of this complex text.

 

Homework

Homework
  • Finish reading Chapter 3 and read Chapter 4 of Lyddie and complete LyddieReader's Notes, Chapters 3 and 4.
  • Optional: Read Chapter 5 of Lyddie.

Note: In the next class, you will model how to use the Reader's Notes to perform the entry task. The Lyddie Reader's Notes, Chapter 1 and Chapter 2, Teacher's Edition, may be a useful resource for you.

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