Carl Hiaasen’s Perspective of Florida: Part 2 | EL Education Curriculum

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ELA 2012 G6:M3B:U2:L7

Carl Hiaasen’s Perspective of Florida: Part 2

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Long Term Learning Targets

  • I can explain how an author's geographic location or culture affects his or her perspective. (RL.6.6a)

Supporting Targets

  • I can find the gist of "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1.
  • I can use evidence from the text to answer text-dependent questions.
  • I can infer Carl Hiaasen's perspective of Florida.

Ongoing Assessment

  • Structured notes: Chapters 9 and 10 (from homework)
  • Gathering Evidence of Hiaasen's Perspective: Part 2 graphic organizer

Agenda

AgendaTeaching Notes

1.  Opening

A.  Engaging the Reader: Chapters 9 and 10 (8 minutes)

B.  Unpacking Learning Targets (2 minutes)

2.  Work Time

A.  Reading for Gist: "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1 (8 minutes)

B.  Guided Close Reading and Answering Text-Dependent Questions: "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1 (20 minutes)

3.  Closing and Assessment

A.  Inferring Carl Hiaasen's Perspective of Florida (7 minutes)

4.  Homework

A.  Read Chapters 11 and 12 of Flush. As you read, mark the text with evidence flags to help you answer the focus question in your structured notes.

B.  Record any new vocabulary on your word-catcher.

  • In this lesson, students read the first of a two-part excerpt of the transcript of an interview with Carl Hiaasen that was aired on CBS's 60 Minutes in 2005. In Lesson 8, students will read Excerpt 2 of the transcript.
  • This lesson is similar in structure to Lesson 6 and uses the same graphic organizer, which is designed to support students in gathering evidence and inferring Hiaasen's perspective based on his geographical location; however, as this is a more complex text and contains more complex language and ideas that students may not understand independently, students are guided through the text with a Close Reading Guide (see supporting materials).
  • In this lesson, students continue adding to the Flush Plot Development anchor chart. Continued tracking of plot development is an intentional scaffold to support students in Lessons 9 and 10, when they address standards W6.11a-c.
  • As students are reading two chapters of this novel per night, consider providing catch-up reading time to ensure all students are at the same place in the text.
  • In advance:

-   Read "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1, focusing on gist.

-   Review "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1 Close Reading Guide (for teacher reference) and Gathering Evidence of Hiaasen's Perspective: Part 2 graphic organizer (answers, for teacher reference).

-   Review Concentric Circles protocol (see Appendix).

  • Be prepared to return the Mid-Unit 2 Assessment in Lesson 8.
  • Post: Learning targets; Flush Plot Development anchor chart.

Vocabulary

geographic location, urban sprawl, quaint, strip malls, appealing, appalling, manufacture, tourism, therapy, transformed, collision

Materials

  • Flush Plot Development anchor chart (from Lesson 2)
  • Equity sticks
  • "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1 (one per student and one to display)
  • Flush word-catcher (students' own; from Lesson 1)
  • Dictionaries (at least one per triad)
  • Gathering Evidence of Hiaasen's Perspective: Part 2 graphic organizer (one per student and one to display)
  • "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1 Close Reading Guide (for teacher reference)
  • Gathering Evidence of Hiaasen's Perspective: Part 2 graphic organizer (answers, for teacher reference)
  • Structured notes (from Lesson 1; one new blank copy per student)
  • Evidence flags (at least three per student)

Opening

OpeningMeeting Students' Needs

A. Engaging the Reader: Chapters 9 and 1o of Flush (8 minutes)

  • Invite students to refer to their structured notes homeworkand the answer to their homework focus question:

*   "What happens in Chapters 9 and 10 and how do those events contribute to the plot development?"

  • Remind students of Concentric Circles protocol:
  1. Split the group in half. Invite one half to make a circle facing out and the other half to make a circle around them, facing in.
  2. Ensure that all students are facing someone opposite them.
  3. Ask: "What happened in Chapter 9 of Flush?"
  4. Invite students to share their answers to this question with the person opposite them.
  5. Invite students on the inside circle to move two people to the right.
  6. Ask: "What happened in Chapter 10 of Flush?"
  7. Invite students to share their answers to this question with the person opposite them.
  8. Invite students on the inside circle to move two people to the right.
  9. Ask: "How did those events contribute to the plot development?"
  • Direct students to return to their seats and direct students' attention to the posted Flush Plot Development anchor chart. Consider using equity sticks to call on few students to summarize the plot development in Chapters 9 and 10. Add to the anchor chart something like: "9 and 10--Tension builds and is relieved again when Noah's dad escapes from jail, but the police don't seem to care. The conflict between Jasper and Noah continues when Jasper actually hurts Noah this time. Shelly builds tension by confirming that the Coral Queen is still dumping waste into the ocean. Tension also builds when Abbey runs away."
  • Reviewing homework holds all students accountable for reading the novel and completing their homework.

B. Unpacking Learning Targets (2 minutes)

  • Invite students to silently follow along as you read the learning targets aloud:

*   "I can find the gist of "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1.

*   "I can use evidence from the text to answer text-dependent questions."

*   "I can identify evidence of Carl Hiaasen's perspective of his geographic location in Flush."

  • Remind students of what "gist," "perspective" and explain that geographic location means the place he lives in, for example Carl Hiaasen lives in Florida. His geographic location is Florida.
  • Explain that students will begin reading a new text as they continue working on those learning targets in this lesson.
  • Learning targets are a research-based strategy that helps all students, especially challenged learners.
  • Posting learning targets allows students to reference them throughout the lesson to check their understanding. The learning targets also provide a reminder to students and teachers about the intended learning behind a given lesson or activity.
  • Discussing and clarifying the language of learning targets helps build academic vocabulary.

Work Time

Work TimeMeeting Students' Needs

A. Reading for Gist: "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1 (8 minutes)

  • Display and distribute "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1.
  • Invite students to follow along silently as you read the excerpt aloud slowly, fluently, and without interruption.
  • Invite new pairs to work together to read for gist, annotate the gist in the margin of their texts, and record unfamiliar words on their Flush word-catchers.
  • Distribute dictionaries. Remind students that if they aren't sure what a word means after looking for context clues and looking in the dictionary, they should leave the definition to be discussed with the whole group later on.
  • Circulate and support students as they read. For those who need more support, ask them to practice telling you the gist of a section before they write it down. This is quite a challenging text, but allow students to grapple. They will have the opportunity to study the text more closely with a guided close reading later in the lesson.
  • Invite students to get into their regular triads to compare what they wrote for their gist statements and to help each other with any unfamiliar vocabulary they haven't been able to figure out.
  • Refocus whole class and invite students to share any unfamiliar vocabulary words they found, along with the definition. If students were unable to work out the definition from the context or find it in a dictionary, encourage other students to assist them with the meaning.
  • Focus students on the words urban sprawl. Ask students to discuss in their triads what they think "urban" means.
  • Select volunteers to share their responses with the whole group. If no one knows, invite a volunteer to look it up in the dictionary. Make sure students understand that urban is related to cities.
  • Ask students to discuss in triads what they think "sprawl" means. Ask:

*   "What does 'sprawl' mean? When you describe something as 'sprawled out,' what do you mean?"

  • Cold call students to share their responses. Listen for students to explain that sprawl means spread out.
  • Invite students to put those two words together:

*   "So what is 'urban sprawl'?"

  • Consider using equity sticks to select students to share their responses with the whole group. Listen for students to explain that urban sprawl is a lot of buildings, for example houses and stores, spread out over a large area.
  • Other words students may struggle with include: quaint, strip malls, appealing, appalling, manufacture, tourismtherapytransformed, and collision. Be sure the address these words here by taking each one at a time and asking if any students know what they mean. If no-one knows what they mean, either invite a student to look up the word in the dictionary to share with the whole group, or consider telling students if you are running short of time.
  • Hearing a complex text read slowly, fluently, and without interruption or explanation promotes fluency for students. They are hearing a strong reader read the text aloud with accuracy and expression and are simultaneously looking at and thinking about the words on the printed page. Be sure to set clear expectations that students read along silently in their heads as you read the text aloud.
  • Allow students to grapple with a complex text before explicit teaching of vocabulary. After students have read for gist, they can identify challenging vocabulary for themselves.
  • Asking students to identify challenging vocabulary helps them monitor their understanding of a complex text. When students annotate the text by circling these words, it can also provide a formative assessment for the teacher.

B. Guided Close Reading and Answering Text-Dependent Questions: "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1 (20 minutes)

  • Display and distribute Gathering Evidence of Hiaasen's Perspective: Part 2 graphic organizer. Remind students that the purpose of the graphic organizer is to support them in meeting the learning targets.
  • Invite students to reread the following learning target along with you:

*   "I can use evidence from the text to answer text-dependent questions."

  • Follow "Florida 'A Paradise of Scandals'" Excerpt 1: Close Reading Guide (for teacher reference) to guide students through closely reading the text and filling out the Questions and Answers columns on their graphic organizers.
  • Asking students to discuss challenging questions before recording them helps to ensure that all students have an idea about what to write and can give students confidence in their responses.
  • Some students may benefit from having key sections pre-highlighted in their texts. This will help them focus on small sections rather than scanning the whole text for answers.

Closing & Assessments

ClosingMeeting Students' Needs

A. Inferring Carl Hiaasen's Perspective of Florida (7 minutes)

  • Remind students that "perspective" means "how you see something based on your background and your previous experiences."
  • Ask students to discuss in triads:

*   "From this excerpt, what do you know about how being born and raised in Florida has affected Carl Hiaasen's perspective of the place?"

  • Select volunteers to share their answers with the whole group. Listen for students to explain something like: "Carl Hiaasen is very angry with the people responsible for the development in Florida and the way it is destroying the natural beauty and, as a result, he makes bad things happen to the bad guys in his novels." Use Gathering Evidence of Hiaasen's Perspective: Part 2 graphic organizer (answers, for teacher reference) as a guide.
  • Invite students to record their ideas in the Perspective column of their graphic organizers.
  • Distribute structured notes and evidence flags for homework.
  • Asking students to discuss challenging questions before recording their answer helps to ensure that all students have an idea about what to write and can give students confidence in their responses.

Homework

Homework
  • Read Chapters 11 and 12 of Flush. As you read, mark the text with at least three evidence flags to help you answer this focus question in your structured notes:

*   "What happens in these chapters and how do those events contribute to the plot development?"

  • Record any new vocabulary on your word-catcher.

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