A. Analyzing the Similarities and Differences between a Conclusion in Analytical Writing and Narrative Writing (10 minutes)
- Tell students that in order to write a compelling conclusion for their hero's journey, in this lesson they are going to:
- Think about how a conclusion in a narrative differs from a conclusion in a piece of analytical writing
- Look at the qualities that make a conclusion in a narrative compelling
- Tell students that the informational conclusion they are going to refer to is the Model Literary Analysis: Connecting Theme in Prometheus and The Lightning Thief (from Unit 2, Lesson 16), and the narrative conclusion they are going to compare it to is the Model Narrative: "The Golden Key" (from Lesson 2 of this unit).
- Display and distribute Venn Diagram: Similarities and Differences between Conclusions in Analytical Writing and Narratives.
- Remind students that in a Venn diagram, the things that are similar between the two go in the middle where the circles overlap, and the things that are unique to each one go on either side, in the appropriate circle. Point this out on the displayed Venn diagram.
- Explain that the conclusion of the informational text is the final paragraph, and the conclusion of the narrative begins with "At that, Lord Dismalt ..." and finishes at the end of the story.
- Give the class 2 minutes to read both of the conclusions silently.
- Invite students to get into triads to discuss the similarities and differences between the informational text conclusion and the narrative conclusion and to record their ideas on the Venn diagram.
- Refocus the group. Call on volunteers to share their thinking about the similarities and differences between the two types of conclusions. Record ideas on the displayed Venn diagram and guide students toward these ideas if they aren't suggested:
- Both bring the piece of writing to a satisfying end.
- Both follow logically from the content of the rest of the text.
* Follow from the author's point of view and purpose. Ex.: "Starting off small in the area of recycling has great advantages to the issues we face together."
* Include a call to action. Ex.: "Let's clean up the Earth and make change happen for the betterment and quality of life."
* Have conclusions with a formal, objective tone and style
* Are written in complete sentences
* Use clear and direct language
* Use transitions and transitional phrases to show shifts in time
* Use descriptive details to show, not tell. These include dialogue, sensory language, and strong verbs.
* Conclude with a scene from the narrative that follows logically from the scene that came before it
* Conclude with something that leaves the reader thinking but does not call the reader to action
- Emphasize that although both genres of writing (informational text and narrative) have what we would describe as a conclusion, the word conclusion can mean different things depending on the mode of the writing. It is important to conclude pieces of writing appropriately according to their mode. There isn't a magic formula for a conclusion that works across all kinds of text.